The Executive Order states the Commission "shall identify best practices and otherwise make recommendations to promote the efficient administration of elections in order to ensure that all eligible voters have the opportunity to cast their ballots without undue delay."
The Commission will focus on polling places, how better to train and recruit poll workers, managing voter rolls and poll books, voting machines, ballot simplicity, English proficiency, and absentee ballots. The states--not the federal government--traditionally have responsibility over such matters.
Obama will appoint no more than nine members to the Commission and appointees will be drawn from among individuals with "knowledge about or experience in the administration of State or local elections, as well as representatives of successful customer service-oriented businesses, and any other individuals with knowledge or experience determined by the President to be of value to the Commission."
Election law expert and former Department of Justice official J. Christian Adams labeled such a Commission a "solution in search of a problem."
The President has previously cited the supposed long lines from last November's election as the main reason for voting reforms. Adams responded that many of these stories are of people who waited hours in line during early voting, not on Election Day. Had they voted on Election Day, they would have had minimal wait times in nearly every precinct throughout the country.
The Obama administration claims it wants to make it easier for military members to vote, but the White House has been accused of violating federal law, as Adams noted, by not establishing voter-assistance offices on military bases. Congress appropriated the Pentagon $75 million to do so.
On his radio show on Thursday, Mark Levin said Obama was using "falsehoods" about long lines to "nationalize" elections in a power grab that will "further weaken our voting system" at the state level.
Levin said he may be okay with nationalizing elections to prevent voter fraud by instituting Voter ID laws but reiterated that the federal government has no control over voting.
The talk radio host attacked progressive news outlets for claiming Obama had to create this commission because of long lines in 2012's election based on anecdotal evidence. Levin noted there have been studies to the contrary.
Adams cited one such study by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that found the average wait to vote last November on Election Day was 13 minutes, compared to 20 minutes in early voting locations.
Levin tied the debate on election laws to the discussions of federal power when states weighed ratifying the U.S. Constitution.
"Some of the anti-federalists who opposed the Constitution were very, very concerned that the federal government would interfere with state election laws. And they felt if the federal government did that, the federal, central government would have control over the election process and use it to its benefit," he said.