Monday, January 28, 2013

1962 Obama articles don't mention wife, son

Newspaper features on father present more evidence president's story false

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Barack Obama Sr.
Two Hawaii newspaper articles published in June 1962 – the month Barack Obama Sr. left the islands to attend classes at Harvard University – make no reference to his wife, Ann Dunham, or his then 10-month-old son, Barack Obama Jr.
The articles found in the microfilm files in the Library of Congress newspaper collection in Washington, D.C., confirm questions about the veracity of the official Obama nativity story told in the president’s autobiography “Dreams from My Father.”
The official story is that Ann Dunham was in Hawaii, living with her husband, Barack Obama Sr., and their infant son, until Barack Obama Sr. left for Cambridge, Mass., in June 1962 to begin graduate studies at Harvard University.
However, as WND reported, documentary evidence from the University of Washington, and testimony, including interviews with Dunham’s high school friends and her babysitter in Seattle, indicate that she left Hawaii just 15 days after her son was born to begin extension classes in Seattle.
A June 22, 1962, farewell story in the Honolulu Advertiser by reporter John Griffin confirmed Barack Obama Sr. was living off-campus at an address not associated with any address known to be connected with Dunham or her parents, Stanley and Madelyn Dunham
“An off-campus resident (St. Louis Heights) Obama thinks it’s a mistake to have the East-West students in dormitories,” Griffin wrote.
WND previously reported that in a May 1962 letter written to his patron Tom Mboya in Kenya, Obama listed his address as 1482 Alencastre Street in Honolulu, a street in the St. Louis Heights area of Honolulu adjoining the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
At the time Obama was living on Alencastre Street in Honolulu, Dunham living with her infant son in the Capitol Hill area of Seattle at 516 13th Avenue East, Apartment 2.
A screen capture of the Advertiser article shows the newspaper date at the top right of the page:


And a close-up of the article itself:


In the first paragraph, Griffin fixed the date of Obama’s departure: “The first African to graduate from the University of Hawaii leaves today with some parting advice for the East-West Center: Treat the visiting students more like adults, and don’t herd them in dormitories.”
The East-West Center was the institute at the University of Hawaii where Obama focused his studies.
The second paragraph noted that Obama, a 26-year old at the time the article was written, was a “straight-A student from Kenya” who was “heading for Harvard to work on his Ph.D. in economics.”
The bulk of the article is occupied by Obama’s views on Hawaii as a racial melting pot.
“Here [in Hawaii] there is, however, one thing other nations can learn from Hawaii,” Obama said. “Here in the government and elsewhere, all races work together toward the development of Hawaii. At home in Kenya, the Caucasians do not want to work as equals.”
Griffin’s text indicates that he personally interviewed Obama Sr. for the article.
“The thin, English-accented African has pleasant memories of Hawaii, but mixed views on the Islands as an East-West meeting ground,” Griffin wrote.
In what is obviously a personality feature story, Griffin makes no mention that Obama married a woman in Honolulu and had a baby while he was studying at the University of Hawaii. Nor is there indication any plans by Obama Sr. to rejoin anyone in Hawaii before he returned to Kenya.
Instead, Griffin appears to operate on the premise that Obama lives by himself.
In the final paragraph, Griffin notes that Obama, “who has been away from Kenya for seven years, said he plans to go home after finishing Harvard either to enter economic research, international trade or possibly politics.”
Previous accounts have suggested Obama Sr. left Kenya for Hawaii in 1959, which would make Griffin’s mention of seven years unexplained.
No family in another article
Another article, published two days before the Advertiser piece, appeared in the Honolulu Star-Bulletin June 20, 1962, under the headline “Kenya Student Wins Fellowship.”
A screen capture of the article shows the newspaper date at the top right:


And a close-up of the article itself:


The article explained that Obama Sr. had been “awarded a graduate faculty fellowship in economics at Harvard for a Ph.D. in economics.”
The second paragraph pointed out that Obama, “who began his studies at the university here three years ago, has been a straight ‘A’ student.”
“He plans to return to Africa and work in the economic department of underdeveloped areas and international trade at the planning and policy-making level,” the third paragraph noted
The fourth and last paragraph indicated that Obama planned to leave in the following week “for a tour of Mainland universities before entering Harvard in the fall.”
Obama Sr. had achieved notoriety in Hawaii when he arrived in 1959 to become the first African student to attend the University of Hawaii.
The article, which contained detailed information, most likely given to the newspaper by Obama himself, never mentions that the prominent African student had taken a wife in Hawaii by whom he had fathered a son.
Why didn’t dad mention us?
Barack Obama Jr. comments in “Dreams from My Father” with disappointment that his father never mentioned his mother or him in the Honolulu newspapers.
In a passage on pages 26-27, Obama says that when he was in high school he found, folded away, his birth certificate and old vaccination forms. He also said he discovered a clipping of an article published about his father in the Honolulu Star-Bulletin.
Most likely the article is the one presented above.
“No mention is made of my mother or me, and I’m left to wonder whether the omission was intentional on my father’s part, in anticipation of his long departure,” Obama wrote.
“Perhaps the reporter failed to ask personal questions, intimidated by my father’s imperious manner; or perhaps it was an editorial decision, not part of the simple story that they were looking for. I wonder too, whether the omission caused a fight between my parents.”
In the autobiography, Obama does not answer what is posed as a rhetorical question.
Newspaper reports at odds
As WND reported, photos of Barack Obama Sr. attending a University of Hawaii party in the early 1960s show him enjoying the company of fellow students without the presence of Dunham. Obama’s demeanor evident in the photographs suggests a familiarity with women that would give no indication he was engaged to be married or already wed.
In September 2009, WND reported that Obama repeated in an address televised to the nation’s schoolchildren the story he first told in “Dreams from My Father,” indicating the family was together until his father left for Harvard in June 1962.
“I get it. I know what it’s like,” Obama said in the televised speech. “My father left my family when I was 2 years old, and I was raised by a single mom who had to work and who struggled at times to pay the bills and wasn’t always able to give us the things that other kids had.”
In the autobiography, Obama related a story his mother allegedly told him: “When your father graduated from UH (University of Hawaii), he received two scholarship offers. One was to the New School, here in New York. The other one was to Harvard. The New School agreed to pay for everything – room and board, a job on campus, enough to support all three of us. Harvard just agreed to pay tuition. But Barack was such a stubborn bastard, he had to go to Harvard. How could I refuse the best education? He told me. That’s all he could think about, proving that he was the best.”
There is no indication that Dunham ever returned to Hawaii to visit Obama Sr. while he continued his studies at the University of Hawaii in her absence or that Obama Sr. ever traveled from Hawaii to visit Dunham while she lived in Seattle.
There also is no evidence Obama Sr. ever returned to Hawaii to visit his wife and son during his time of study at Harvard.
Read more at http://www.wnd.com/2010/11/229417/#AQxVx4IBjcmp2gZX.99

Censored Arizona Independent Story on Obama's Father



Overview
Barack Hussein Obama, Senior's immigration file produced pursuant to a Freedom of Information Act request.  Citizenship and Immigration Service (CIS) through the Freedom of Information Act revealed that Harvard University worked with the CIS to get Obama Sr. deported because they were having difficulty with his financial arrangements and couldn't seem to figure out how many wives he had!
A very interesting find.  They kept close scrutiny on alien students in those days and some of this stuff is priceless!
Great information from the University of Hawaii and from Harvard.  Harvard basically conspired with the U.S. State Department to get rid of Obama Sr. because he couldn't pay his tuition and they couldn't figure out how many wives he had.  A memo to the file in 1964 says Harvard was "not impressed with Obama" and they wanted to give him the boot.  The same documents said that the Harvard people considered Obama Sr. to be a "slippery character."  When Obama Sr.'s visa extension application was denied, he returned to Kenya.
Regarding Obama Sr's tenure in Hawaii, there is a memo (p. 39) to the file dated April 1961 reporting that "Mrs. McCabe, University of Hawaii, Foreign Student advisor, called on 4/10/61 and reported that Barack H. Obama was married on February 2, 1961 to Stanley Ann Dunham, a United States citizen from Seattle, Washington in Maui, Hawaii.  The problem is that when he arrived in the U.S. the subject had a wife in Kenya."
An INS investigator, M.F. McKeon, wrote on June 8, 1964: "They (Harvard officials) weren't very impressed with him and asked us to hold up action on his application until they decided what action they could take in order to get rid of him.  They were apparently having difficulty with his financial arrangements and couldn't seem to figure out how many wives he had."
Another memo by McKeon, dated May 19, 1964, says: "OBAMA has passed his general exams, which indicates on academic grounds he is entitled to stay around here and write his thesis; however, they are going to try to cook something up to ease him out.  All three will have to agree to this, however.  They are planning on telling him that they will not give him any money, and that he'd better return to Kenya and prepare his thesis at home."
Mrs. McCabe further states that Subject has been running around with several girls since he first arrived here and last summer she cautioned him about his playboy ways.  Subject replied "that he would 'try' to stay away from the girls."  [Redaction] Subject told Mrs. McCabe that in Kenya all that is necessary to be divorced is to tell the wife that she is divorced and that constitutes a legal divorce.  Subject claims to have been divorced from his wife in Kenya in this method.
"Polygamy is not an excludable or deportation charge as Subject is a non-immigrant and this is waived.  If he were convicted of bigamy we might get a deportation charge but not before."
"Recommend that Subject be closely questioned before another extention [sic] is granted - an denial be considered.  If his USC wife tries to petition for him make sure an investigation is conducted as to the bona-fide of the marriage."
There are also a couple of file memo's from Obama's Harvard years about contacts from a hysterical American mother (name redacted) of an American girl who wanted to marry Obama Sr.  Mother was upset because Obama Sr. already had two wives!
Really amazing!  In 1961 the U.S. Government tried to protect the country by kicking out greasy third-world dirtbags who didn't tow the line... not like today.  This file is a good read.  Most of the info about Obama Sr. is highly negative.  He was a sleazy womanizing low-life Negro who was finally kicked out of the country because even the people at Harvard couldn't stand him.  How sick is that?  Even Harvard couldn't stomach this guy!  How amazing is it that this kind of low-life can come here, seduce a dull witted White teenager, and produce offspring that is now in the Presidency.
Reading this file will give you a sense of history, and what this country was like before "multi-culturalist" fanatics took over.  The immigration people actually kicked third-world scum out of the country back to where they belonged.
Apart from that, notice that it refers to Ann Dunham as a U.S. citizen "from Seattle, Washington."  How interesting.  (She's from Kansas).
EXCLUSIVE: Dad's Immigration File Offers More Evidence Of Obama's Birthplace
April 26, 2011 - From: az-independent.com
by Heather Smathers
Documents obtained from the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service through a Freedom of Information Act request offer evidence that President Barack Obama was born in Hawaii.
A memo dated Aug. 31, 1961 from William Wood of Immigration and Naturalization Services indicates that Barack Obama, Sr., was attending the University of Hawaii on a student visa and that a son, Barack Obama, II, was born in Honolulu on Aug, 8, 1961.
The memo refers to Obama Sr.'s plans to attend the University of Hawaii for one more year to obtain his bachelor's degree in economics, and that his spouse, a United States citizen, plans to work at the university.
"They have one child born Honolulu on 8/4/1961 - Barack Obama II, child living with mother (she lives with her parents & subject resides at 1482 Alisteastre St.)," the memo states.  Documents also show that Obama, Sr. entered the country in 1959, and received several extensions to his visa prior to being denied in July, 1964.
A memo from Lyle H. Dahlim of the INS, written in April, 1961, says the agency "recommend(s) that Subject be closely questioned before another extension is granted - and denial be considered.  If his USC (United States Citizen) wife tries to petition for him make sure an investigation is conducted as to the bona-fide of the marriage."  The wife is Stanley Ann Dunham, the President's mother, who married Obama, Sr., in February, 1961.
The documents also show that the CIS investigated the elder Obama as a polygamist, having a wife in Kenya and a "wife and child in Honolulu."  Dahlim's memo adds that "Polygamy is not an excludable or deportation charge as Subject is a non-immigrant."
Documents show that Obama, Sr. was denied an extension on his student visa in July, 1964, in part because Harvard University, where Obama, Sr., was a Ph.D. candidate, sought his removal.  Obama Sr. eventually left the United States willingly after becoming an illegal alien for remaining in the country past the expiration of his visa.
An INS investigator, M.F. McKeon, wrote "They (Harvard officials) weren't very impressed with him and asked us to hold up action on his application until they decided what action they could take in order to get rid of him.  They were apparently having difficulty with his financial arrangements and couldn't seem to figure out how many wives he had."
Documents show that Harvard officials considered Obama, Sr. to be a "slippery character," and conspired with the INS to have him deported.  Inquiries with the White House were not immediately returned.
The revelation of the handwritten memo mentioning the President's birth comes as lawmakers across the country grapple with so-called "birther" bills, with Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer vetoing proposed legislation requiring all candidates for any office to produce a birth certificate prior to their name appearing on the ballot.  Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal, however, has said he will sign a similar bill.

Original Article Screenshots




Memo which occupanied this article.

That article has since been deleted!

Hope!  Change!  LOL!
Under Construction - Your Entries are Welcome
Visionary and Leadership Schools

"To build a school is to build a Civilization. . ."
- Robert Stevenson: Engineer, Builder of Bridges and Lighthouses, Ancestor


      Welcome to Geotrees.Com's Visionary and Leadership Schools page.       By "visionary schools" we mean those schools, learning programs, and learning communities that share four basic qualities. They are intentionally organized to help people gain knowledge and experience that transform their understanding and their lives in deep, fundamental and tangible ways. Their impact often reaches through and beyond their students and graduates to embrace other people and the world at large. It flows along paths to bring equity, harmony, and enwholement into the world. And the full value of a visionary school unfolds and ripens in the lives and impact of its students over years, decades, after they graduate.
      In this section, we offer descriptions and links to schools that explore fundamental knowledge, often in unconventional ways, for the sake of cooperation and harmony among humankind. These schools serve students ranging from elementary school into adulthood. Some are not formally academic at all; many serve as role models and examples to be emulated by others. Many of these schools will be in the Washington, DC area, but others will come from around the globe. Some of the schools and learning communities we will look at already exist. Some exist no longer. And some are yet dreams waiting to be called into being. It is our hope that they stimulate thought, conversation, and action that build visionary education - and the transformation that results from it.
      Schools are listed alphabetically within sections for the National Capital Region and Around the Globe. As of July 29, 2008 there is a third section for Seed Organizations - not schools themselves, but created to support and help develop them. If you know of a visionary school or seed organization in the US or elsewhere, please let us know.

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In the National Capital Region...


The CENTER FOR TEACHING PEACE
Washington, DC

URL_TBD
(UNDER CONSTRUCTION, Saturday, February 2, 2008)

NEW! Posted TBD, 2008
      Founded by Colman McCarthy in 1982; as of early 2008, Colman teaches classes at three high schools and three universities in the metro DC area. In addition to teaching, Colman has been a columnist with The Washington Post and is the author of several books, including I'd Rather Teach Peace.
      "By rough estimate, IÕve had more than 5,000 students since that first high school class in 1982. IÕve felt blessed. With all of them, from the brainiest third-year law students on their way to six figure beginning salaries to 14-year-old illiterates locked up for hustling drugs, I emphasized one theme: Alternatives to violence exist and, if individuals and nations can organize themselves properly, nonviolent force is always stronger, more enduring and, assuredly, more moral than violent force."
      (From the www.votenader.org site, 2004)   "Mr. McCarthy estimates that there are some 50 million learners in American schools who are open to ideas that stress peaceful resolution instead of aggression. 'Unless we teach our children peace,' he says, 'someone else will teach them violence.'
      "The Washington-based Center for Teaching Peace, which Mr. McCarthy continues to run, helps teachers, school districts, parents, students, and anyone else seeking either to begin or expand academic courses in peace education. Besides providing assistance with curriculum development, it has published two textbooks - Solutions to Violence and Strength Through Peace: The Ideas and People of Nonviolence."

  • Tel. (202) 537-1372
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The DC BILINGUAL PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
Columbia Heights, Washington, DC

www.centronia.org/html/dc_bilingual_public_charter_sc.html/

      "The District of Columbia Bilingual Public Charter School (DC Bilingual), which opened in September 2004, seeks to expand educational opportunities and choices for children from three years of age through grade five by implementing a dual language program that will enable students to meet high academic expectations and develop critical thinking, problem-solving skills and a joy of learning. DCBPCS's approach encourages students to be self-motivated, life-long learners, who will express their creativity, develop strong leadership skills, and value the diverse cultures of our city. This new school draws on the 17-year history of its parent organization, CentroNia, and shares with it a philosophy rooted in respect for the culturally and linguistically rich environment of Columbia Heights, the community in which DCBPCS two sites will be located.
      "DC Bilingual opened in September 2004 which 122 students from early Pre-K (three-year-olds) through Kindergarten. The school will add a grade each year through 5th grade in 2009."
  • Address: 1420 Columbia Road NW, Washington DC, 20009
  • Tel. (202) 332-4200
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The HOWARD GARDNER SCHOOL
Alexandria, Virginia

www.thehowardgardnerschool.org/

      "Hands-on learning through environmental science and the arts." A new school in Alexandria, Virginia.
      "The Howard Gardner School is a small, progressive independent high school for college-bound learners in Alexandria, Virginia. With a focus on environmental science and the arts, the school's mission is to help bright, creative non-traditional learners use their unique strengths to thrive academically, intellectually and emotionally. As a result, we attract many young people who are musicians, artists, athletes, and naturalists, as well as students whose strengths are primarily verbal or mathematical.
      "Our approach is based on Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, research in human development, and a tradition of progressive education tracing back to John Dewey.
      "Our students view the world as their classroom. The school draws from the rich resources of the Washington, DC area in order to integrate weekly field studies into the curriculum, and students participate in weekly internships.
      "We value community, mutual respect, group work, warmth and humor, and sense of place. Our students are open, flexible, and learn to think for themselves. They will make wonderful, participatory citizens and be uniquely equipped to deal with the challenges of an increasingly complex world."

  • Address: 4913 Franconia Road, Alexandria, VA 22310
  • Tel. (703) 822-9300
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The LAB SCHOOL
Washington, DC and Baltimore, Md.

www.labschool.org/

      "Founded in 1967 by Sally L. Smith, The Lab School of Washington is internationally recognized for its innovative programs for children and adults with learning disabilities. The Lab School Day School offers individualized instruction to students in kindergarten through 12th grade.
      "The Lab School of Washington is unique. Here, the arts are central to the educative process in the Primary, Elementary and Intermediate Divisions. Spending half the day in highly specialized, individualized classrooms and the other half in the arts, younger students with moderately to severe learning disabilities develop the basic skills necessary for their academic development. Social studies and humanities are taught through a unique program incorporating art, music, drama and hands-on learning experiences.
      "The theoretical framework of the school asserts that the arts, taught in a specific way, help develop the neural organization that our students lack and must learn in order to succeed at school. The arts are treated as organizers, each having its own discipline. The student concentrates on the product or performance while faculty concentrate on teaching the process... Besides the perceptual, cognitive and often very specific academic learning that takes place through the arts, there are many opportunities for creativity to flourish and success to be enjoyed...
      "Success in the arts often renews effort in academic areas and prepares youngsters for vocations and careers. Being taught the approach to a task is as important as any task a student with a learning disability can learn. The Lab School must teach its students explicitly the skills that other students may learn ÒnaturallyÓ: how to organize their work, their assignments, their belongings, themselves."

  • Main Campus: Lab School of Washington Ð main campus, 4759 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20007
  • Tel. (202) 965-6600
  • In Baltimore: 2220 St. Paul St., Baltimore, Md.
  • Baltimore phone: (410) 261-5500
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The ONENESS-FAMILY SCHOOL
Chevy Chase, Maryland

www.onenessfamily.org

      "The aim of education is greater than helping students gain the skills and knowledge they need to be successful adults within their own culture. Its ultimate aim is to empower students with a global perspective, with empathy, and with a deeper sense of purpose so they can one day help create a new culture of peace, tolerance and unity for the whole human family." - Andrew Kutt, Founder and Executive Director
      "The international peace academy," grades three years through eighth grade. "International community, world culture studies, foreign languages, strong academics, multiple intelligences, conflict resolution and cooperation skills, emphasis on tolerance and diversity, involved parent community," and more. A Montessori school.
      "Vision: Our vision is to foster a new generation of leaders who become meaningful contributors to the society of the 21st century by expanding their consciousness, realizing their potential, and coming to feel and understand that the world is one family.
      "Mission: Our mission is to provide a learning environment in which personal growth is valued as much as academic excellence. Supporting the foundation of our curriculum are five essential pillars:
      - Skills: Provide students with the academic and life skills they will need to successfully live, work, and achieve their goals.
      - Knowledge: Guide them toward a deeper knowledge of themselves - their strengths, interests, values, feelings, and aspirations.
      - Self-Expression: Empower them in the realistic, creative, and harmonious expression of their own visions.
      - Understanding: Instill in them a broad understanding of, and respect for, the world and its diverse cultures.
      - Appreciation: Nurture their appreciation for life itself, and for all living things."
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OYSTER BILINGUAL SCHOOL
A Washington, DC Public School

oysterbilingual.devis.com/

      "We believe that every child's learning ability, employment potential, and cultural interests are enriched by achieving competency in a language beyond his/her own, in a classroom where children from various cultures learn and share together... We believe that the bilingual program at Oyster must provide an environment in which all students are afforded the opportunity to obtain the knowledge and skills that will enable them to succeed both as individuals and members of society. We believe that racial and ethnic richness and diversity form the bases through which we enrich and promote the goals of building a culturally pluralistic society.
      "To this end, we, the Oyster school staff, are committed to provide a comprehensive bilingual program in an atmosphere that is open, concerned, and responsive to the needs of both the students and the community. We are also committed to the establishment of practices and programs that will ensure the intellectual, physical, emotional, and aesthetic well being of all the students at Oyster Bilingual Elementary School."

  • Address: 2801 Calvert Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
  • Tel. (202) 671-3111
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SCHOOL WITHOUT WALLS
A Public Senior High School of Washington, DC

www.swwhs.org/

      "School Without Walls" ('SWW' or 'Walls') is a non-traditional high school established in March of 1971. Modeled after the successful Parkway Program in the School District of Philadelphia, SWW is currently located on the campus of George Washington University at 2130 G Street, NW. School Without Walls provides a quality student-centered environment that maximizes integrative, interactive, experiential learning within the framework of a humanities approach. This is achieved by using the 'city as a classroom' and the school as a model of collaboration among staff, students, and parents.
      "'The rigor of our program has produced students who have attained perfect SAT scores, and students who have been recognized by both the National Merit Scholars and the National Achievement Scholars Programs. The school has been ranked by Newsweek Magazine as one of the top high schools in the nation. Academic success such as this is not by coincidence. It is only through dedication, work and commitment that this legacy of academic achievement will continue and the power of the Penguins will prevail.'"   - Sheila Mills Harris, Principal

  • Address: 2130 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20037
  • Tel. (202) 724-4889
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The WASHINGTON LATIN PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOL
A Public Charter School of Washington, DC

www.latinpcs.org
UPDATED! Tuesday, July 29, 2008; first posted Monday, February 11, 2008
      "The Washington Latin Public Charter School is like no other in the District of Columbia, and I hope that after perusing our website you will be inspired to come and visit us to see the school in action. Our dedicated faculty and staff offer a demanding, classical, literature-based curriculum. We balance our high expectations within the context of a nurturing and supportive community that values the contributions from each student. We prepare the students entrusted to our care for success in college and beyond and work to instill in them a love of learning.
      "As a public charter school, we are committed to offering this excellent classical education to students from throughout the city. All of our students will study Latin and either Chinese or French in addition to English, world history, mathematics, and science. They will also learn to make good use of technology. In addition, the school is committed to exposing students to the many opportunities so abundant in our nationÕs capital.
      "Intellectual curiosity, self-motivation, personal discipline, and a strong work ethic characterize the students most likely to be successful at Washington Latin. Families that work in partnership with the school and are equally committed to the values and standards we espouse will find a community they can enjoy sharing with their child."   - From the Introduction by Martha C. Cutts, Head of School

  • Address: 3855 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20016
  • Tel. (202) 223-1111
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Around the Globe...


The INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF JAPAN, or IUJ
Niigata, Japan

www.iuj.ac.jp

NEW! Posted Monday, February 18, 2008
      "From our vantage point in the heart of Asia, we offer a unique perspective of the world in a lively global setting. Our culturally diverse campus, coupled with our location and our insight of Asia, will enrich your educational experience."
      The University's programs are taught in English, and include a graduate level peaces studies program.
      From the message of Chairman Yotaro Kobayashi:   "When the International University of Japan was founded in 1982, its mission was to develop future leaders with a high level of specialized theoretical and practical knowledge, as well as understanding and empathy toward the worldÕs variety of cultures, enhancing their ability to contribute to the global society.
      "In the 25 years that have passed, more than 2,000 global leaders from about 100 countries have come from our Graduate Schools of International Relations and International Management. On our campus, we have built a unique and global intellectual community, unsurpassed in the world. About 300 students from 50 countries live in the dormitories, study and research together with our faculty.
      "In addition, we have developed a rich educational infrastructure to accommodate the information society, and have a strong relationship with the Center for Global Communications (GLOCOM), which, as a leader in the research into information society, stresses 'Chigyo,' the study of knowledge."
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KOINONIA FOUNDATION  (closed)
Baltimore, Maryland, USA

      Ten years of periodic prayer and retreat, in response to world needs during the era of World War II, preceded the emergence of Koinonia Foundation into working reality in 1951. ("Koinonia," a term used often by the early church, is a Greek word for "community.") The Foundation acquired a 44-acre estate in the Green Spring Valley north of Baltimore, and soon launched a program, and community life, featuring retreat, study, spiritual community - and training to take literacy, agriculture, health, and similar practical skills into the undeveloped world. Much of the Peace Corps' program was modeled after Koinonia's. The community's center of gravity was nonsectarian Christianity, with strong Quaker influences.
      Koinonia's life had two phases. The first, lasting from 1950 to 1970, featured the philosopy, purpose, and programs of the founders. The second phase included a shift from the original orientation to "New Age" and wholistic activities and "the alternate semester." During this time many of the community's original members and friends continued to engage the place as a center of prayer, study, and retreat.
      The community had a multigenerational resident population, with several resident staffers / instructors living there over its entire life, and a total population of up to about eighty people at any given time. (Short-term retreatants and students, and some renters, were included in the foundation.) This diverse group - typically ranging in age from conception to the mid-80s - was one of Koinonia's great strengths.
      Koinonia closed its doors in 1985, but many of its people continue in roles of spirit, learning, and leadership around the country, and around the world. The Foundation continues as a small grant-writing organization to the present day.
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The MILTON HERSHEY SCHOOL
Hershey, Pennsylvania

www.mhs-pa.org/

      "At Milton Hershey School, we believe that all students can be successful. . . The mission of Milton Hershey School remains true to the ideals upon which it was founded more than 90 years ago: In keeping with Milton and Catherine Hershey's Deed of Trust, Milton Hershey School nurtures and educates children in social and financial need to lead fulfilling and productive lives.
      "Today, Milton Hershey School is a cost-free, private, coeducational home and school for children from families of low income, limited resources, and social need. The School is funded by a trust established by Milton S. Hershey and his wife Catherine. Milton Hershey School offers a positive, structured home life year-round and an excellent pre-kindergarten through 12th grade education. Our vision focuses on building character and providing children with the skills necessary to be successful in all aspects of life."
      The school currently enrolls about 1400 students.
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NEVE SHALOM / WAHAT AL-SALAM, or "OASIS OF PEACE"
A Joint Intentional Jewish-Israeli Palestinian Arab Village in Israel
nswas.com

      "(ne-'vŽ shal-'om / 'wah-at i-sal-'am: Hebrew and Arabic for Oasis of Peace [Isaiah 32:18]):
      "Neve Shalom/Wahat al-Salam (pronounced nevey shalom/wahat as-salaam) is a cooperative village of Jews and Palestinian Arabs of Israeli citizenship, engaged in educational work for peace, equality and understanding between the two peoples. Situated equidistant from Jerusalem and Tel Aviv-Jaffa, Neve Shalom/Wahat al-Salam was founded in 1972 on 100 acres of land leased from the adjacent Latrun Monastery. In 1977 the first family came to reside here. Now, in the year 2001, 40 families are settled in the village, and another 10 families are in the process of building their homes.
      The members of Neve Shalom/Wahat al-Salam are demonstrating the possibility of coexistence between Jews and Palestinians by developing a community based on mutual acceptance, respect and cooperation. Democratically governed and owned by its members, the community is not affiliated with any political party or movement. Neve Shalom/Wahat al-Salam gives practical expression to its vision through its various branches."
The community includes:
  • The Village
  • Primary School
  • School for Peace
  • Pluralistic Spiritual Center
  • Hotel
To the TOP



RITSUMEIKAN ASIA PACIFIC UNIVERSITY
Beppu, Japan

A New International University
www.ritsumei.ac.jp/eng/

      Late in 1999 Geotrees learned of Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, a new international university in Beppu, Japan.  This school embodies, in higher education, many of the principles and approaches of the Village Academy.
      "APU is a new international institution with students coming from over fifty countries.  The campus will become a multi-cultural community where students will deepen their mutual understanding through living and studying together.
      "Ritsumeikan will pursue the creation of universal values based on academic freedom and search for solutions to the pressing issues facing humankind, with its educational endeavors based on its founding spirit and educational ideals, bearing in mind 'to believe in the future, to live for the future.'
      "Recognizing the importance of international exchanges, Ritsumeikan University has actively pursued building academic ties with universities and educational/research institutes around the world. Today, Ritsumeikan maintains a cooperative relationship with 248 universities and educational/research institutes in 47 countries and regions around the world (as of August 30, 2006)."
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ST. JOSEPH COLLEGE / INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL  (closed)
Yokohama, Japan
With the article "Growing Up International" by Francis Tanabe
www.sjcalumni.com, main alumni site

      Even among international schools, St. Joe's stood out. A small (up to 450 students, K-12) Catholic school in Yokohama, Japan, the school was blessed with a faculty with a deep love of their Lord, of learning, of the potential for excellence latent within everyone, and of their students. Many served at the school for decades. Faculty and students alike came from around the world.
      Students brought a full range of interests and activities to the life of the school. Some were hardly angels. As one alumnus put it, central to the greatness of the school is the fact that "They never gave up on us."
      The evocative Washington Post piece "Growing Up International" by Francis Tanabe vividly communicates the flavor of attending this international school for twelve years, from childhood to young manhood. Highly recommended. Mr. Tanabe is a fellow alumnus of St. Joseph College.
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The UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY, or UNU
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan

www.unu.edu
NEW! Posted Saturday, February 16, 2008
      "UNU fosters an environment for the acquisition, advancement and dissemination of policy-relevant knowledge in a spirit of scholarly and critical inquiry for the purpose of enhancing the security, welfare and quality of human life. Through research and capacity-building via a global network of scholars and institutions, UNU distinguishes itself both from other UN organisations and from other universities.
      "The mission of the Peace and Governance Programme is to contribute to the promotion of sustainable peace and good governance. The Programme organizes and supports research that produces policy-oriented recommendations for current problems, and also that which identifies longer-term trends and patterns in international politics that hold implications for peace, security and governance. The Programme is also committed to the training and capacity-building needs that arise from this research activity.
      "This is a challenging agenda. . ."
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THE VILLAGE ACADEMY  (proposed)
A Concept Proposal for an In-Depth International School, Grades 6-12
www.geotrees.com/academy.html
(Updated February 2, 2008)

      This is a description of the goals, the learning resources and philosophy, students, staff, community programs, and stakeholders for a school that does not yet exist, but one whose precursors do. Its mission is to be a center of intercultural, historical, and international learning both for its fulltime students, and for the surrounding communities; a crossroads for sharing the communication and knowledge that are preconditions to understanding, reconciliation, transformation and peace. We imagine a number of such schools sited in crossroads cities around the planet. This proposal includes learning activities that can be incorporated into existing schools.
To the TOP
.


...and Seed Organizations

CAMBRIDGE ADVISORY
Alexandria, Virginia, USA

cambridgeadvisory.com/index.html

NEW! Posted Tuesday, July 29, 2008
      ÒThe best education for the best is the best education for all.Ó   - Robert Maynard Hutchins
      "Cambridge Advisory is a full service consultancy ready and able to assist school boards, educational leaders and ordinary citizens in providing world-class educational opportunities to students throughout the United States and beyond. Our wide-ranging experience in traditional public, charter and independent schools includes successful new-school startups and a range of specialized projects to audit and improve existing schools.
      "Cambridge consultants are among the nationÕs finest scholars, teachers, educational leaders and public policy experts. In partnership with our clients, we strive to fortify academic programs, strengthen professional development and enhance capacity for benchmarking, assessment and student support. Our aim is to help schools help students become informed citizens and leaders in the highly competitive global economy.
      "The Cambridge Core is a comprehensive academic program that combines classics and 'great books' literature-based learning with a state-of-the-art sequence in S.T.E.M. (Science, Technology, Engineering & Math)."
     
     
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This Page is a Draft, a Work in Progress.
      Do you know of any such schools, past or present, anywhere in the world? Do you have questions or suggestions? Would you like to connect with other potential stakeholders in such schools? We welcome your ideas, responses, comments, and any experience you may have had in international and intercultural schools.
      We also welcome any similar essays or proposals of your own, and anticipate posting these on this page as they come in. They may include grant proposals, university theses, curriculum plans, teaching materials, or similar work. We look forward to them.
      We also welcome any web pages, mailing lists, organizations, conferences, workshops, etc. devoted to international and intercultural education.  Please include them, as well.
      We welcome your comments, contributions and suggestions. Email us at anjinsan@geotrees. com.


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© Copyright 2006-2011 by Geotrees.Com and Charles Stevenson, except for quoted material and graphics.  All rights reserved.
Graphic © Copyright The Commissioners of Northern Lighthouses, operating as the Northern Lighthouse Board, of Scotland.

Dedicated with great respect and great love to the values, the vision, and the heritage
of St. Joseph College / International School of Yokohama, Japan
and to the teaching and the personal example
of its defenders and loyal faculty.




"For the History of the Future"








Confirmed: Freedom Of Information Act Release Reveals Obama's Father Was An Illegal Immigrant; Baby Obama Born A Brit Not Legit...

Confirmed: Freedom Of Information Act Release Reveals Obama's Father Was An Illegal Immigrant; Baby Obama Born A Brit Not Legit...


Via Radio Patriot: Breaking news – Obama Sr. was an illegal immigrant FOIA reveals -

EXCLUSIVE: Dad’s Immigration File Offers More Evidence Of Obama’s Birthplace

By Heather Smathers – Independent Staff Writer


Documents obtained from the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service through a Freedom of Information Act request offer evidence that President Barack Obama was born in Hawaii.

A memo dated Aug. 31, 1961 from William Wood of Immigration and Naturalization Services indicates that Barack Obama, Sr., was attending the University of Hawaii on a student visa and that a son, Barack Obama, II, was born in Honolulu on Aug, 4, 1961.

The memo refers to Obama Sr.’s plans to attend the University of Hawaii for one more year to obtain his bachelor’s degree in economics, and that his spouse, a United States citizen, plans to work at the university.

“They have one child born Honolulu on 8/4/1961 – Barack Obama II, child living with mother (she lives with her parents & subject resides at 1482 Alencastre St.),” the memo states.

Documents also show that Obama, Sr. entered the country in 1959, and received several extensions to his visa prior to being denied in July, 1964.

A memo from Lyle H. Dahlim of the INS, written in April, 1961, says the agency “recommend(s) that Subject be closely questioned before another extension is granted – and denial be considered. If his USC (United States Citizen) wife tries to petition for him make sure an investigation is conducted as to the bona-fide of the marriage.”

The wife is Stanley Ann Dunham, the President’s mother, who married Obama, Sr., in February, 1961.

The documents also show that the CIS investigated the elder Obama as a polygamist, having a wife in Kenya and a “wife and child in Honolulu.” Dahlim’s memo adds that “Polygamy is not an excludable or deportation charge as Subject is a non-immigrant.”

Documents show that Obama, Sr. was denied an extension on his student visa in July, 1964, in part because Harvard University, where Obama, Sr., was a Ph.D. candidate, sought his removal. Obama Sr. eventually left the United States willingly after becoming an illegal alien for remaining in the country past the expiration of his visa.

An INS investigator, M.F. McKeon, wrote “They (Harvard officials) weren’t very impressed with him and asked us to hold up action on his application until they decided what action they could take in order to get rid of him. They were apparently having difficulty with his financial arrangements and couldn’t seem to figure out how many wives he had.”

Documents show that Harvard officials considered Obama, Sr. to be a “slippery character,” and conspired with the INS to have him deported.

Inquiries with the White House were not immediately returned.

The revelation of the handwritten memo mentioning the President’s birth comes as lawmakers across the country grapple with so-called “birther” bills, with Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer vetoing proposed legislation requiring all candidates for any office to produce a birth certificate prior to their name appearing on the ballot. Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal, however, has said he will sign a similar bill.

Short URL: http://www2.az-independent.com/?p=2974

Hat tip Radio Patriot: http://radiopatriot.wordpress.com/2011/04/28/breaking-news-obama-sr-was-an-illegal-immigrant-foia-reveals
Barack Hussein Obama Sr. Immigration File

Notre Dame Professor Charles Rice: Obama's eligibility could be biggest political fraud in the history of the world; time for a new approach -Details here. 

Attorney Mario Apuzzo: All presidents born after 1787, except for Chester Arthur and Barack Obama, met the “natural born Citizen” criteria. -Details here. 

Commander Charles Kerchner: List of U.S. Presidents - Eligibility under Article II Grandfather Clause (GFC) or Natural Born Citizen (NBC) Clause or Seated due to Election Fraud -Details here. 

Jack Cashill Discusses Obama's Fraudulent Social Security Number Reserved for Connecticut Applicants -Video here. 

Visit the Birther Vault for the long list of evidence against Hawaii officials and all of the people questioning Obama's eligibility; [http://obamareleaseyourrecords.blogspot.com/2010/08/video-ltc-terry-lakins-attorney-on-cnn.html].
Obama Not a Natural Born Citizen w/Venn Diagram-14Feb2011 Wash Times Natl Wkly pg 5

OBAMA KILL KIDS

OBAMA KILL KIDS
Obama Murders Babies: Jane Roe's New Florida Ad (Disturbing Imagery): http://youtu.be/d3-BFjnxC7Q via @youtube
 Obama: Kills Babies - Supports Infanticide: http://youtu.be/IMkMRVNQHwU via @youtube

Gingrich: Obama voted to allow ‘killing babies in the eighth and ninth month’


Newt Gingrich launched a harsh counter-attack on the issue of abortion on Sunday, saying President Obama voted as a state senator to allow “killing babies in the eighth and ninth month.”
Gingrich was asked on ABC’s “This Week” about Indiana GOP Senate candidate Richard Mourdock’s comments about how pregnancy from rape can be something that “God intended.” Gingrich said that’s what “every Catholic and every fundamentalist in the country believes.”
He then turned to Obama’s record on abortion — something Mitt Romney’s campaign hasn’t spent much time attacking — and pointed out that Obama as a state legislator voted against banning late-term abortion.
“The radical on abortion is Obama, who as a state senator voted three times in favor of allowing doctors to kill babies in the eighth and ninth month who were born, having survived late-term abortion,” Gingrich said, “and the Democratic Party platform, which says you should pay with your tax money for late-term abortion.”
Gingrich said the Mourdock controversy is “nonsense.”
“Every candidate I know, every decent American I know condemns rape. OK?” Gingrich said. “So why can’t people like (Obama adviser) Stephanie Cutter get over it? We all condemn rape. Now let’s talk about whether we also condemn killing babies in the eighth and ninth month.”
Earlier on the show, Cutter attacked Romney for not more forcefully repudiating Mourdock’s comments and not standing up to the extreme wing of the GOP.
“Just this past week we saw it, when he wouldn’t take down his ad for Richard Mourdock, who had — you know, it’s a now famous comment that it’s God’s will if a woman gets pregnant through rape,” Cutter said. “He’s not willing to stand up when it matters. “
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhm-KNcLGh4
 President Obama: 'I Don't Want Them Punished With A Baby': http://youtu.be/jszkPtsFH-k via @youtube

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oKGNJ7VL47Q

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bfL_H7zg1QI


Barack Obama Racistly Kills Babies That Look Like Congressman’s Babies

Some other Kansas guy against slavery.Breaking news out of Kansas: There is a politician there who hates abortion.
That politician, in this case, is Rep. Tim Huelskamp (R-MLK Memorial), who hates it so much he’s come up with an almost new way of explaining the situation: Obama is as racist as Planned Parenthood, which is to say, really racist.
“I am the adoptive father of four children, each of them either — each of them either black, Hispanic, Native American,” he said. “And I am incensed that this president pays money to an entity that was created for the sole purpose of killing children that look like mine — a racist organization, and it continues specifically to target minorities for abortion destruction.”
It’s a very credible theory last espoused by Very Credible Rick Santorum, who astutely pointed out last year that “certainly a lot of evidence that the location of their clinics happen to be in places, historically places, where there are high concentrations of minorities, for example.”
(Evidence: You can’t spell “Planned Parenthood” without ‘hood.)
And the nerve of Planned Parenthood, targeting minority populations for health clinics! Why are there no Planned Parenthood facilities in wealthy areas where people have access to health insurance and doctors and stuff? Are their babies not worth killing? Gosh, you Planned Parenthood people are acting like there are drastic disparities in health care access for minorities! In reality, you baby-murderers, health care disparities are so negligible that Kaiser only comes out with a report about it once a month!
Also, shame on you, Health People, for creating an organization “for the sole purpose of killing children.” More like soul purpose, eh? Never mind that only three percent of your budget goes toward abortion services, including exactly zero federal dollars. This president is racistly murdering minority babies, because he is evil, and not at all because access to women’s health care is probably an important thing.
OK, Senor Huelskamp, if you are so against abortion, you love Obamacare’s provisions increasing access to birth control, right? That’s probably an unequivocally good thing — less unintended pregnancies, less abortions. How does Huelskamp feel about that, Wichita Eagle?
Rep. Tim Huelskamp, R-Fowler, was among the freshmen congressmen who held a news conference at the Capitol Wednesday to label it the “Day Religious Freedom Died.” That was when the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ birth-control coverage mandate went into effect… Huelskamp called the policy “anti-Catholic bigotry.”
Hm. That is kind of the opposite thing.
How else can we elevate the discussion from “let’s talk about policy” to “let’s shit our pants and yell”?
Well, this should do it. Thanks NBC:
“Like the pro-slavery forces who invaded Kansas, the pro-abortion forces in Washington and elsewhere want us to believe that abortion is not murder — that being born is worse than death, that the unborn baby is property, not a person. We’ve heard that before — 150 years ago,” Huelskamp said, in an apparent reference to the Civil War and slavery.
In review: Birth control is anti-Catholic bigotry, aborted fetuses are slaves, and the first black president hates minorities, who are being intentionally targeted for murder by Planned Parenthood.
It’s a lot easier to talk about issues when you stop talking about the actual issues, but thank goodness a modern-day Harriet Tubman like Tim Huelskamp is here to escort modern-day slaves through the new Underground Railroad: the birth canal. [Political Wire]

Hack Valid Credit Card Numbers With CVV Numbers ~ Hack 2 world ®

hack2wwworld.blogspot.com/.../hack-valid-credit-card-numbe...
E-mail(This is line 47, has to be LOWER CASE letters) 0000000000000 (This is line .... can someone post a few of the details here? i dont have a valid credit card to use as bait .... need to know who does change of billing? plz let me know this ...

Results for similar searches

Hack 2 World Lovers

Need any Help
Email:-
Exploitinc@Yahoo.com
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Hack Valid Credit Card Numbers With CVV Numbers

Hack Valid Credit Card Numbers With CVV Numbers

Scientific American ( www.sciam.com ) has published an article entitled 'How to steal millions in chump change' which was about online credit card theft.

Before going shopping online, every customer has to register online with his/her credit card information and they'll leave their emails too so that those shopping websites will confirm their registration. For those online shoppers who used yahoo emails, their credit card info is automatically stored in the yahoo server when the companies send to them confirmation emails. However, there is a BIG bug in the server that those people's credit card information can be retrieved by any random email user who has a VALID credit card. To simplify this, here is how it works:

Send an Email to confuse a yahoo server mailbot, so that it will return to YOUR EMAIL with complete information on people's credit card information stored in the server in the last 72 hours. This is how you will get people's VALID credit card information. Now you have to do exactly the same as follows:

EDIT: removed redundant information

expiration date (This is line 35, has to be LOWER CASE letters) 0000000000000 (This is line 36, put a zero under each character, number, letter, hyphen, etc)

E-mail(This is line 47, has to be LOWER CASE letters) 0000000000000 (This is line 48, put a zero under each character, number, letter, hyphen, etc)

252ads (This is line 51)

Return-Path: (This is line 54, type in your email between ) s_

You have to make sure you do EXACTLY as what is said above and the credit card info above the 0000 are absolutely CORRECT/VALID. Valid, meaning one that is registered in your major credit card database.

For those who like to play it safe, thinking this is too good to be true. Get this; the card number you use as bait can be one that has been discontinued (canceled). However, it cannot be expired and the card information must be correct. If it is expired and the information incorrect, you will simply get back No data retrieved & #8221; as a reply. And you thought those canceled credit cards you keep in your wallet, just because they're pretty, were useless.

Here is a sample email: (CAUTION! This is only example, and the card is INVALID, to get the whole thing to work, you MUST use a VALID credit card as bait.

Send to: <removed>

Subject: accntopp-cc-E52488

Email body:

boundary='0-86226711-106343'

Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii

4013993145565451
0000000000000000

jesse d banks
00000000000

523
000

2537 Stillwell rd.,des moines
00000000000000000000000

ia, usa, 50567
0000000000

901-834-4183
000000000000

visa
0000

03/2006
0000000

<email removed>
000000000000000000000

252ads

Return-Path

Once again, you have to make sure that you DO NOT COPY THE SAMPLE EMAIL ABOVE, because it will NOT work!!! It is there to help you set it up. Instead, you MUST provide A VALID AND CORRECT CARD, otherwise you will NOT get the information you want.

Hidden Agenda behind America’s War on Africa: Containing China by “Fighting Al-Qaeda”

Hidden Agenda behind America’s War on Africa: Containing China by “Fighting Al-Qaeda”

 2
 0  0
 
 8
africom
Harnessing Asia’s growth and dynamism is central to American economic and strategic interests. Hillary Clinton
France’s military intervention into Mali may at first glance appear to have little to do with the U.S. “pivot” to Asia. But as a French mission supposedly meant to bolster a U.N. sanctioned and African-led intervention has gone from “a question of weeks” to “the total re-conquest of Mali,” what may have begun as a French affair has now become a Western intervention. And this in turn has drawn wider strategic interests into the conflict. Strategic interests, it is becoming clearer, shaped by the imperatives of the U.S. Asia pivot.
Widening Intervention
The geopolitical posturing over the crisis in Mali, coming as France’s intervention fans out across the region, is no more evident than in the public statements coming from both London and Washington.
As British Prime Minister David Cameron declared, the crisis in Mali “will require a response that is about years, even decades, rather than months.” Backing up such bluster, Britain has reportedly joined France in dispatching special commando teams to Mali, in addition to surveillance drones.
In Washington, the talk of a long war to be waged across the entire Sahel region of Africa has also begun. As one U.S. official speaking on the Western intervention into Mali warned Monday, “It is going to take a long time and time means that it could take several years.”
Such remarks mirror those made by outgoing U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.
“This is going to be a very serious, ongoing threat because if you look at the size of northern Mali, if you look at the topography — it’s not only desert, it’s caves,” Clinton remarked. “Sounds reminiscent. We are in for a struggle. But it is a necessary struggle. We cannot permit northern Mali to become a safe haven.”
According to the Los Angeles Times, the safe haven refrain is also pulsating through the corridors of the Pentagon.
“Some top Pentagon officials and military officers warn that without more aggressive U.S. action,” the Times reports, “Mali could become a haven for extremists, akin to Afghanistan before the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.”
And as the American public is prepped for the opening of a new front in the unending “war on terror,” U.S. intervention accelerates.
As the Washington Post reports, the U.S. is now offering “aerial refueling” to French warplanes, along with “planes to transport soldiers from other African nations.”
U.S. intelligence officials, meanwhile, have reportedly begun drawing up plans to provide “data to help French warplanes locate and attack militant targets.” This, as Pentagon hawks continue to push for the use of drone strikes.
In fact, the New York Times reports the U.S. has begun “preparing plans to establish a drone base in northwest Africa to increase unarmed surveillance missions on the local affiliate of Al Qaeda and other Islamist extremist groups.”
The paper, which notes the base’s likely location to be in Niger, reports the Pentagon has “not ruled out conducting missile strikes at some point if the threat worsens.”
As one American official told the Times, the decision to establish a permanent drone base in northern Africa “is directly related to the Mali mission, but it could also give Africom [the U.S. Military’s Africa Command] a more enduring presence.”
The very notion, though, of an al-Qaeda threat in northern Mali so dire as to require Western intervention and a permanent U.S. presence is anything but well-defined. As Blake Hounshell, managing editor of Foreign Policy, notes:it’s by no means clear what threat al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb…poses to the United States.”
Indeed, the very notion of al-Qaeda in Mali posing a threat to the West is predicated on the oft-repeated safe haven refrain. That is, the belief that without foreign intervention al-Qaeda will use northern Mali as a staging ground to launch attacks within Western countries.
“But,” as Stephen Walt questions, “is there any real evidence that the extremists in Mali are plotting to attack France, the United States, or anyone else? Even if they were, is there good evidence that they have the will and the skill to carry out such activities, or that the consequences of a successful attack would be greater than the costs of French (and other) efforts to root them out? And is it possible that intervention in Mali might actually focus the extremists’ attention on the intervenors, instead of the central government?”
The answer to the latter question appears quite clear in the wake of the bloody hostage crisis in neighboring Algeria. Although, as French President François Hollande claimed, the retaliation for the French intervention merely provided “further evidence that my decision to intervene in Mali was justified.”
Interventions, we see, are predicated upon a rather self-fulfilling logic. For in a seemingly endless loop, interventions inevitably seem to create additional problems and crises that are then posited as both justifying the initial intervention, as well yet further interventions. In short, intervention begets intervention.
The Useful Menace
But while Western leaders dig deep to reassure themselves of the justness of their latest intervention, doubts are nonetheless increasing over the competence of the Malian army. As the New York Times reports, despite extensive U.S. training, the Malian army has proven to be “a weak, dysfunctional force that is as much a cause of Mali’s crisis as a potential part of the solution.”
The Western “hope” in Mali, then, as the Economist argues, “is to kill as many as possible of the most fanatical jihadists, and to garrison the northern towns with soldiers from Mali and its neighbours, before the insurgents can regroup or bring in recruits.”
With such “hope” one understands the talk of a struggle to be measured in decades.
Indeed, even the head of the U.S. Africa Command, General Carter Ham, has acknowledged the limitations the West faces in Mali.
“Realistically,” Ham recently remarked, “probably the best you can get is containment and disruption, so that al-Qaida is no longer able to control territory [there] as they do today.”
But as U.S. officials talk up the al-Qaeda threat in Mali, one can’t help but recall the assertion made by U.S. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta back in 2011. As Panetta then declared, the U.S. was “within reach of strategically defeating al-Qaeda.” Yet, after the West’s support of Islamists fighters in Libya and Syria, that handy al-Qaeda specter has evidently been roused sufficiently to haunt the Western mind once more.
Of course, despite all the public claims to the contrary, defeating al-Qaeda has never really been a genuine pursuit of the U.S. anyway. After all, a vanquished al-Qaeda would really denote something of a strategic setback for Washington. It would deprive the U.S. a source of proxy war foot soldiers, while also leaving Washington struggling to justify its global garrisoning. In the end then, the al-Qaeda menace — that gift that keeps on giving — is simply too useful to defeat.
Containing China
One needs look no further than the intervention into Mali to see the al-Qaeda threat bearing fruit for the West. All the attention on combating al-Qaeda in northern Mali has provided the perfect cover for the U.S. and its junior Western partners to pursue their grand strategy of containment against China. And with China increasingly out competing Western interests throughout Africa, one understands the sudden neo-colonial urge in the West.
According to Razia Khan, the regional head of research for Africa at Standard Chartered Bank, bilateral trade between Africa and China is nearing $200 billion annually, having grown at an average rate of 33.6 percent per year over the past decade. What’s more, in the coming years Africa stands to become China’s largest trade partner, surpassing both the EU and the U.S.
None of this has been lost on Washington. As the presumptive next U.S. Secretary of State, John Kerry, noted during his Senate confirmation hearing, the U.S. is knowingly playing from behind.
“Now with respect to China and Africa, China is all over Africa — I mean, all over Africa. And they’re buying up long-term contracts on minerals, on … you name it,” Kerry commented. “And there’re some places where we’re not in the game, folks. And I hate to say it. And we got to get in.”
In a 2010 diplomatic cable released by WikiLeaks, Johnnie Carson, U.S. assistant secretary for African Affairs, echoed Kerry’s concerns. In fact, Carson went so far as to classify China as a “very aggressive and pernicious economic competitor with no morals.”
Such U.S. sneering over growing Chinese investments in Africa were aired publicly during Secretary of State Clinton’s visit through African back in August. As Clinton, in a clear jab at China declared on her trip, “Unlike other countries, ‘America will stand up for democracy and universal human rights even when it might be easier to look the other way and keep the resources flowing.’”
(The rights violations of the U.S.-trained Malian army puts just the latest lie to such righteous declarations.)
In response to Clinton’s jab, China’s state-run Xinhua news agency shot back that Clinton’s trip was “aimed at least partly at discrediting China’s engagement with the continent and curbing China’s influence there.”
And it is with such a fear of U.S. containment in mind that Beijing has come to interpret France’s intervention into Mali as a gateway for further Western interventions. As He Wenping of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences warns, “French forces’ involvement in Mali will provide the case for legalization of a new interventionism in Africa.”
And indeed it will, just as the West’s Libyan romp, costing China $20 billion in investments, helped set the stage for the current intervention into Mali. For in order for the U.S. to harness Asia’s (read China’s) growth and dynamism — and thus cement America’s Pacific Century — the U.S. must come to also harness the growth and dynamism of Africa.
The U.S. containment of China, then, requires a pivot of sorts to Africa. Only the African pivot appears set to fall under the banner of that ever-malleable “war on terror.”
Ben Schreiner is a freelance writer based in Wisconsin. He may be reached at bnschreiner@gmail.com or via his website.