Friday, March 20, 2015

Boom! This Angry Federal Judge Just Did Something Extraordinary About Obama’s Amnesty Scheme

Boom! This Angry Federal Judge Just Did Something Extraordinary About Obama’s Amnesty Scheme

"Can I trust what the president says?"


image: http://www.westernjournalism.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/WCJ-images-Judge-Obama.jpg
Images Credit: Wiki Commons/Fox News
For an Obama administration lawyer, it was a very uncomfortable one-hour hearing in a Brownsville, Texas courtroom on Thursday, when a clearly angered federal judge confronted the DOJ attorney, sharply scolded her and threatened to sanction the Justice Department.
U.S. District Judge Andrew Hanen, who earlier blocked President Obama’s executive orders on illegal immigration, had called the hearing to determine if the Obama administration had misled him as to whether the president’s order to ease deportation for certain young illegals was already being implemented.
Fox News reports that the hearing was testy and at times contentious, causing the Justice Department attorney to apologize to the highly annoyed Judge Hanen.
Advertisement-content continues below


“Hanen chided Justice Department attorney Kathleen Hartnett for telling him at a January hearing before the injunction was issued that nothing would be happening with regard to one key part of Obama’s actions, an expansion of the 2012 Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, known as DACA, until Feb. 18.”
Judge Hanen showed his displeasure about the Obama attorney’s explanation of what she said was confusion over the amnesty order and its implementation by telling her, “Like an idiot I believed that.”
The federal judge then went on to ask the flustered attorney an extraordinary question concerning President Obama’s integrity:
Advertisement-content continues below


“Can I trust what the president says? That’s a yes or no question,” Hanen asked.
“Yes, your honor,” Hartnett replied.
The judge said if he decides to impose sanctions against the Justice Department for misleading the court and making him look “like an idiot,” according to coverage in The Los Angeles Times, “the taxpayers of the [26] states would end up paying their own damages.”
The case landed in Judge Andrew Hanen’s courtroom after 26 states, including Texas, sued the Obama administration over the president’s unilateral move to defer deportation and offer certain rights and privileges to as many as 5 million illegal immigrants.
The Times article notes that Hanen’s comments during the hearing “left little doubt that he sympathized with lawyers for the 26 states, who said they suffered ‘irreparable harm’ when federal officials granted more than 100,000 applications for deferred action after Obama announced the program Nov. 20.”
Join Judge Hanen In Blocking Obama’s Amnesty: Sign The Petition

Read more at http://www.westernjournalism.com/boom-this-angry-federal-judge-just-did-something-extraordinary-about-obamas-amnesty-scheme/#l501IzDvEgQYCUm7.99

Worker Whose Job Was Replaced By Immigrant Regrets Voting For Obama

Worker Whose Job Was Replaced By Immigrant Regrets Voting For Obama

This testimony comes on the heels of union anger at the Obama administration for other issues as well,


image: http://www.westernjournalism.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/Obamas-catch-and-release-BP.jpg
Photo Credit: Joe Crimmings (Flickr)
Many high tech workers who voted for President Obama are now regretting those votes. In anonymous testimony yesterday to the Senate Judiciary Committee, several employees testified that they have been replaced by foreign workers on an H-1B high tech visa. It seems over four hundred workers at Southern California Edison alone have been replaced by foreign workers primarily from India.
The union representing these American workers says that only about half the STEM (Science, technology, engineering, math) graduates find jobs in the United States. This is primarily due to immigrants coming in who will work for less money.
National Review quotes one of these workers:
Advertisement-content continues below


“I’ve paid my taxes, obeyed the laws and have been a good citizen supporting the community with donations,” the former SCE worker wrote. “I voted for President Obama and was appalled that he implemented a rule change, which allows work permits to H-1B spouses. My future votes will only go to candidates that support reforms to the H-1B visa program that preserve the American worker.”
A union representative also said:
“In February, workers at IBM Dubuque lost their jobs as their work was off-shored to India,” Conrad said. “These tech workers are now in the unemployment line as Congress seeks to increase the use of guest workers by US corporations. This is outrageous and needs to cease. No U.S. tech worker should be in the unemployment line while tech jobs are filled with guest workers.”
Advertisement-content continues below


This testimony comes on the heels of union anger at the Obama administration for other issues as well, like the Keystone XL pipeline. The White House says it will only create 20,000 construction jobs. To a blue collar family without work, one of these jobs sounds pretty darn good.
There is also conflict between unions and Obama over trade deals.
This is just more proof that Obama is bound by an ideology and an agenda that is not aligned with the interests of American citizens.
Will this agenda inflict long-term damage on the Democratic Party?
The views expressed in this opinion article are solely those of their author and are not necessarily either shared or endorsed by WesternJournalism.com.

Read more at http://www.westernjournalism.com/worker-whose-job-replaced-immigrant-regrets-voting-obama/#S3eXdsE3X8uL3cuv.99

CERN LHC, Satanic Rituals, Inter-Dimensional Gateway, StarGate/Portals, Mayan 21 Dec 2012 End of Age, Biblical Prophecies, Opening of Bottomless Pit ….

CERN LHC, Satanic Rituals, Inter-Dimensional Gateway, StarGate/Portals, Mayan 21 Dec 2012 End of Age, Biblical Prophecies, Opening of Bottomless Pit ….

  • There is an occult agenda behind the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Some believe that it is an attempt to open inter-dimensional gateways (wormholes) to allow evil beings, dark spiritual forces, fallen angels, demons … freely into our dimension!
    -
  • The occult date of 21 Dec 2012 is the alignment of the solar system to the Galactic plane. At the heart of our Milky Way galaxy is a super dense black hole. Could the experiments by CERN-LHC on 21 Dec 2012 be an attempt to release fallen spiritual beings locked up in this bottomless pit – blackhole? This date may be the most opportune time to open a interdimensional gateway/wormhole into this blackhole at the center of our galaxy!
    -
  • Imagine the Milky Way Galaxy as a large combination lock. To open it, all the combinations must be in the correct order ie. alignment. This alignment is achieved on 21 Dec 2012 when the solar system aligns itself to the Galactic plane. The key (CERN-LHC) can then be inserted (ignited) to open the door (wormhole through the earth to the blackhole in the centre of the Galaxy!).

    Jude 1:6 New King James Version (NKJV) 
    6 And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great day;

    Revelation 9 New King James Version (NKJV) 
    Fifth Trumpet: The Locusts from the Bottomless Pit
    9 Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit. 2 And he opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. …..
    ….
    11 And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon.
    -
  • The Bible says that these fallen angels (sons of God) of Genesis 6 are confined in Tartarus:
    We now consider the word Tartarus: “For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to Hell (Tartarus), and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment.” II Peter 2:4. The word in the Greek is Tartarus, or rather it is .. from that noun. “Cast down to hell” should be tartarused, (tartarosas).
    -
  • On 21 Dec 2012, these Satanists may attempt to release the 200(?) Titans / fallen angels (of Jude 1:6, who are in ‘everlasting chains under darkness’, 2Peter2:4 – ‘chains of darkness’  ie. blackhole?) which came down to earth and co-habited with women to sire a race of Nephilim Giants (see Genesis 6 & Book of Enoch). Subsequently, 2014 onwards (?) they will attempt to release the fallen angel Abaddon/Apollyon from the bottomless pit (ie. blackhole).
Lord Shiva - "God of Destruction" staute at CERN.
Lord Shiva – “god of Destruction” statue at CERN.
  • The statue of Lord Shiva, the “god of Destruction”, “the Destroyer” at CERN hints at the release of the fallen angel Abaddon/Apollyon which coincidentally also means “the Destroyer”! There are, of course, no coincidences! Why would anyone put this religious statue of a Hindu god at a place of science, the epitome of scientific enquiry?
    -
  • The Book of Enoch says that these 200 fallen angels(Titans) are imprisoned in Tartarus for 70 generations. A generation in the Bible is about 70 years. These Titans are being imprisoned for about 5000 years. Dec 2012 is the Hebrew year Tevet 5773. The time for their release is probably at hand.

    “… bind them fast for seventy generations in the valleys of the earth, till the day of their judgement and of their consummation ..
    -
  • Mayan and Aztec prophecies for 21 Dec 2012 do not say anything about end of the world apocalypse! Rather it speaks about the return of the serpent god/Bolon Yokte/the Nine gods. These are probably the fallen angels of Genesis 6, the 200 watchers of the Book of Enoch! The occult world seems to be pointing to something coming to earth on the Mayan calendar date of 21 Dec 2012.

    The Aztec religion predicts that a serpent will come from heaven and appear on earth on 21 December 2012. According to an Aztec legend, human beings can ascend into Heaven when the serpent descends. …. On this day the Aztec religious calendar prophesies that a great serpent will come to earth; thus, Satan’s fall coincides with the end of the Aztec calendar as well as the Chinese calendar.
    -
    2012: The Return of the Nine
    … The Mayan prophecy to do with 2012 was that it would signal the return of “The Nine”. … “At the next creation, the Bolon Yokte Ku, or Nine Support Gods, will return.” However, the actual word “return”, sometimes translated as “descent” …. Who are the Bolon Yokte Ku – The Nine? They have variously been translated as the God of Nine Strides, the Nine-Footed God, Jaguar-Foot-Tree and Nine-Dog-Tree. They were seen as living in the Underworld and were generally described as god(s) of conflict, warfare, and are hence linked with dangerous transition times, social unrest, eclipses, and natural disasters like earthquakes. … The question nevertheless remains as to who these Nine Gods truly are. Indeed, “Nine Gods” are not just an ingredient of the Mayan culture. There were also Nine Gods in the ancient Egyptian religion, as well as many others (e.g. India). To the Egyptians, they were also known as the Nine Principles and they were directly linked with their Creator Deity, Atum.
    -
    The mayans did not predict the end of world, but the return of one of their god’s
    The predictions of the Mayans to December 2012 do not refer to the end of the world, but the return of the god Bolon Yokte would return at the end of an era and the beginning of another … it is mentioned that on December 21 “would be invested deity Bolon Yokote,” bound to create a god and war, who attended the beginning of the current era … The text of the narrative character, … shows that the Maya rulers should “prepare the ground for the return of the god Bolon Yokte … According to this prognosis, the god Bolon Yokte preside over the birth of a new era to begin in December 21, 2012, and oversee the end of the current era.
    -
  • CERN itself can be considered as the shortened form of CERNUNNOS, the Horned God !
    -
  • CERN: THE MAYAN DOPPELGĂ„NGER! 
    by , http://www.groundzeromedia.org/ 
    It has been written that some time in the 23rd century B.C., a king named Nimrod built a tower that was designed to be a stairway or gateway to heaven. According to traditional mythology, Nimrod wanted to meet God and understand his workings. His tower was literally a stairway to the stars, a way to enter the dimension that God inhabited.
    …..
    There have been many attempts to open wormholes and at the same time the purpose of these magical workings was to somehow summon demons or angels to come and initiate the eschaton.
    ….
    The idea of a dimensional push to open a doorway to beckon a god or an entity has been the challenge from Nimrod’s time, to the times of John Dee, Edward Kelly, Aleister Crowley, L. Ron Hubbard and a Jack Parsons.
    -
    Between the years 1582 and 1589 the English scholar John Dee conducted a series of ritual communications with a set of disincarnate entities that eventually came to be known as the Enochian angels. It was Dee’s plan to use the complex system of magic communicated by the angels to advance the expansionist policies of his sovereign, Queen Elizabeth I.
    -
    With the aid of fellow occult researcher Edward Kelley he planned to open a portal to the other side by using the lower keys of Enoch, a magical Alphabet that was sung. They were literally calling upon the spirits of the dead to do espionage for the queen according to history they were quite successful.
     -
    These angels declared that the heavenly name for Satan was Choronzon and that there were at least 4 watchtowers or pillars where star gates exist on the earth. There is also  a way to open portals elsewhere as long as certain keys and sigils are used to summon entities to perform an apocalyptic working or spell.
    -
    One of the other rituals performed by John Dee was to summon the Archon gate keeper Cernunnos. To the Celts Cernunnos, Cerne or Belatucadros, and was depicted as a humanoid figure who was more commonly depicted as having horns. One of Cernunnos’ titles was Lord of the Hunt, but as time progressed agriculture could sustain alongside hunting and the Horned God became the god also of fertility. …

    we find the concept of life, death and rebirth, in other myths Cernunnos is depicted as a horned God that controls the serpents. The serpents were symbolic of mortality, healing and the resurrection of the dead, or the use of the dead for divining or necromancy.
    -
    As death is integral to the continuous circle of life, Cernunnos has also been associated to the Underworld, the realm of the dead. Whilst the invading Romans could associate the Horned God with some of their own belief concepts, such as the deity Pan or the horned spirits called Fauns and Satyrs ….
    ….
    The invocations and the summoning of Archons were all part of something called “The Apocalypse working.” The concept was to summon various angels and later demons of the underworld to open a Stargate or stairway to the heavens.
    -
    It was actually one the first attempts at opening a portal to another dimension and summoning spirits. It was literally a ritual to open up the secrets of the universe and converse with Gods.
    -
    The angels never empowered Dee to be the instrument whereby the ritual formula for initiating the apocalypse would be accomplished. The Angels stated that the “working” would have to be accomplished in a later time.
    -
    The unfinished ritual would sit like a ticking occult time bomb, waiting for some clever magician, perhaps guided by the angels, to complete it. Dee evidently never received the signal to conduct the Apocalypse Working in his lifetime. It was to be reserved for another century and another man. That man was Aleister Crowley.
    -
    Crowley and his followers wanted to usher in a morality more severe than any other experienced in the world. In order to accomplish this they had to carry out powerful rituals.
    ….
    Two followers of Crowley, L. Ron Hubbard and Jack Parsons attempted to open a portal using one of Crowley’s spells between 1945 -1946. It was a series of magical ceremonies called the “Babylon Working.”
    -
    Many People believe that what came through were beings that looked like the Alien “grays.” L. Ron Hubbard went on to create Scientology, a religion that teaches that alien entities are responsible for using humans as avatars and that alien spirits get mankind to do evil.
    -
    Jack Parsons became the founder of JPL and claimed that during the Babylon “working” “that both he and Hubbard were a part of widened the portal for Crowley’s Amalantrah working allowing the secret chiefs to enter in to help mankind. He later attempted another secret project, conjuring the Lower key of Solomon to usher in the Apocalypse.
    …..
    Some believed he was attempting to open a Stargate to summon the Goetic Demons.For the last 4,500 years or so we’ve been waiting for another shot at opening the Gate using scientific methods. We have been waiting for the right date and time for this to happen.
    -
    According to Pat Holliday PHD this ritual of Stargate opening has continued to this day and according to research provided one of the main centers for performing these rituals is at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.
    -
    While CERN has been notorious for its finding of the Higgs Boson or God particle. It has also been feared to be the world’s foremost doomsday machine. One major accident at CERN and it is believed the world could end.
    -
    This year, CERN is beginning another set of experiments in hopes to getting that much closer to completing their crusade of tome bending and portal opening. Scientists at CERN have announced test dates for the rest of the year, as well as some curious dates can be found in the upcoming schedule.
    -
    Starting Monday, December 17, 2012 and going through Friday, December 21, 2012, CERN will be launching and running a series of collisions, which are predicted to break records in high voltage collisions already set by the Large Hadron Collider. With these experiments, the scientists are hoping to create atomic reactions that would provide further information about anti-matter, and the big bang.
    -
    The test set for the December 21st, 2012 is the final test before the LHC will shut down operations for upgrades and will hopefully (if we are not all dead) resume operation in 2014.  The machine that many believed would cause the end of the world will be conducting its most advanced tests on the same day that the world is predicted to end. How ironic is that?
    ….
    The purpose of CERN is to find the Origins of Man and the Universe. They have stated that they want to open a doorway to another dimension and find a God. Is it just a coincidence that CERN is short for the horned God Cernunnos? Is it also a coincidence that CERN has to go deep underground to do their “god” harnessing experiments? Cernunnos was the god of the underworld.
    -
    CERN is linked to several secret projects being carried out by the European Union and the European Trilateral Commission. CERN also is responsible for the internet and have been doing ongoing research for governments with regard to global sustainability.
    -
    It was also reported that in 1999 CERN proposed and carried out quantum Vortex experiments searching for Solar Axions. Axions are hypothetical particles that are components of dark matter. In order to find these Axions CERN proposed the use of a decommissioned magnet called SATAN.
    -
    It was an acronym for Solar Axion Telescopic Antenna.
    ….
    There has been an ongoing conspiratorial dialogue about what really is going on at CERN and what the purpose of this collider really is. Is it a high powered dimensional tool to create star gates to welcome entities into the world and could the attempts at going such a thing destroy the earth?
    -
    The LHC at CERN is a particle booster, built to beam up protons in very high speed and opposite directions, until they collide creating a huge amount of energy capable to reproduce similar cosmic conditions that have creating such phenomena as dark matter, antimatter and ultimately the creation of the universe billions of years ago. It has also been rumored to be a device that can bend space time, open dimensional portals. Now anything is possible and anything the mind can conceive can appear in the material world as we bend the time line.
    -
    for the whole article click here!
    -
  • Mayan End Date for CERN Largest Experiment Ever! 
    by http://beforeitsnews.com/ 
    This year, CERN is beginning another set of experiments in hopes to getting that much closer to completing the Standard Model. Scientists at CERN have announced test dates for the rest of the year, as well as some curious dates can be found in the upcoming schedule.  Starting Monday, December 17, 2012 and going through Friday, December 21, 2012, CERN will be launching and running a series of collisions, which are predicted to break records in high voltage collisions already set by the LHC.  With these experiments, the scientists are hoping to create atomic reactions that would provide further information about anti-matter, and the big bang.
     -
    The test set for the week of December 17-21, 2012 is the final test before the LHC will shutdown operations for upgrades and will resume operation in 2014, assuming something doesn’t go wrong, in the minds of some of the scientists, terribly right, which causes the end of the world.  I guess we will just have to see what happens.  Let us know what you think, is CERN guilty of a self-fulfilling prophecy of destruction here?
    -
    read more!
Why do they looks so similar? Is the CERN Large Hadron Collider an attempt at opening inter-dimensional gateway, StarGate, portals ... for fallen spiritual beings to come into our dimension?
Mayan calendar left. CERN-LHC right. Why do they look so similar? Is the CERN Large Hadron Collider an attempt at opening inter-dimensional gateway, StarGate, portals … for fallen spiritual beings to come into our dimension?

Topic

The birth of the web

Tim Berners-Lee, a British scientist at CERN, invented the World Wide Web (WWW) in 1989. The web was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for automatic information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world.
The first website at CERN - and in the world - was dedicated to the World Wide Web project itself and was hosted on Berners-Lee's NeXT computer. The website described the basic features of the web; how to access other people's documents and how to set up your own server. The NeXT machine - the original web server - is still at CERN. As part of the project to restore the first website, in 2013 CERN reinstated the world's first website to its original address.
On 30 April 1993 CERN put the World Wide Web software in the public domain. CERN made the next release available with an open licence, as a more sure way to maximise its dissemination. Through these actions, making the software required to run a web server freely available, along with a basic browser and a library of code, the web was allowed to flourish.
First web page screenshot

The first website

Discover the World Wide Web’s humble beginnings with this earliest incarnation

Browse the first website

Programmers work together during a 'hack' event

Restoring the first website

The web team at CERN are working to preserve some of the digital assets that are associated with the birth of the web

Read about the restoration project

A screenshot of the line-mode browser simulation

The line-mode browser

The line-mode browser, launched in 1992, was the first readily accessible browser for the World Wide Web

Launch the simulator or read about how the simulator was developed

Voir en français

Featured updates on this topic

30 Apr 2013 – On 30 April 1993 CERN published a statement that made World Wide Web technology available on a royalty free basis, allowing the web to flourish

Updates

12 Mar 2014 – In March 1989 Tim Berners-Lee wrote a proposal to develop a radical new way of linking and sharing information: the World Wide Web
19 Sep 2013 – Twelve talented web developers have travelled to CERN from all over the world to recreate a piece of web history: the line-mode browser
6 Jun 2013 – CERN is organizing a two-day coding event to recreate the line-mode browser
18 Mar 2013 – The inaugural Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering went to five engineers whose work led to the internet and the World Wide Web
20 Dec 2012 – Twenty-one years ago this month, physicists at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) installed the first web server outside of Europe

Learn more about this topic

Images

Opinions on this Topic

Ben Segal, 9 Apr 2014
Peggie Rimmer, 12 Mar 2014
David Foster, 12 Mar 2014

Search form

Successful Test of New U.S. Magnet Puts Large Hadron Collider on Track for Major Upgrade


Successful Test of New U.S. Magnet Puts Large Hadron Collider on Track for Major Upgrade

HQ02a is a superconducting quadrupole magnet made from modern niobium tin that will play a key role in developing a new beam focusing system for CERN’s Large Hadron Collider. (Photo by Helene Felice, Berkeley Lab)
HQ02a is a superconducting quadrupole magnet made from high performance niobium tin that will play a key role in developing a new beam focusing system for CERN’s Large Hadron Collider.
The U.S. LHC Accelerator Program (LARP) has successfully tested a powerful superconducting quadrupole magnet that will play a key role in developing a new beam focusing system for CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This advanced system, together with other major upgrades to be implemented over the next decade, will allow the LHC to produce 10 times more high-energy collisions than it was originally designed for.
Dubbed HQ02a, the latest in LARP’s series of High-Field Quadrupole magnets is wound with cables of the brittle but high-performance superconductor niobium tin (Nb3Sn). Compared to the final-focus quadrupoles presently in place at the LHC, which are made with niobium titanium, HQ02a has a larger aperture and superconducting coils designed to operate at a higher magnetic field. In a recent test at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), HQ02a achieved all its challenging objectives.
LARP is a collaboration among the U.S Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory (Brookhaven), Fermilab, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), and the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), working in close partnership with CERN.  LARP has also supported research at the University of Texas at Austin and Old Dominion University.
“Congratulation to all the LARP team for this brilliant result,” said Lucio Rossi, leader of the High Luminosity LHC project at CERN. “The steady progress by LARP and the other DOE supported programs clearly shows the benefits of long-term investments to make serious advances in accelerator technology.”
“In the context of the LARP magnet program, this marks the end of the R&D phase and the beginning of the focused development of the magnets that will be installed for the LHC luminosity upgrade”, said Eric Prebys of Fermilab who has served as director of LARP for the last five years. “However, the implications go well beyond that, in that it establishes high performance niobium tin as a powerful superconductor for use in accelerator magnets.  This success is a tribute to the skill, hard work, and collaborative spirit of all of the people involved.”
Toward future physics at the LHC
Wound with high performance superconducting niobium tin, the new HQ02a quadrupole has a larger aperture and superconducting coils designed to operate at a higher magnetic field than previous final focusing magnets. (Photo by Helene Felice, Berkeley Lab)
Wound with high performance superconducting niobium tin, the new HQ02a quadrupole has a larger aperture and superconducting coils designed to operate at a higher magnetic field than previous final focusing magnets.
Last year’s discovery of the Higgs boson fulfilled one of the major goals of the LHC, arguably the most powerful and complex scientific instrument ever built. Yet precision measurements of the Higgs are still to be made, as well as explorations of new physics including supersymmetry, dark matter, extra dimensions, and other wonders. The LHC’s present complement of Interaction Region Quadrupole magnets, which focus the beams toward the collision points inside the experiments, will reach performance limits well below what’s required for this ambitious physics program. One of the primary goals of LARP is to support CERN’s plan to replace these focusing magnets in about 10 years as part of the High Luminosity LHC project.
The number of useful physics events generated by a collider can be calculated from a parameter called integrated luminosity. For the past decade, CERN has anticipated a series of upgrades that will increase the LHC’s integrated luminosity 10-fold – the goal of the High Luminosity LHC project, consistently recognized as a top priority for the worldwide particle physics program. This goal presents extraordinary challenges, requiring a global effort to push the state of the art in a number of critical technologies.
The most specific need is for more powerful magnets to focus the proton beams at the interaction points. Not only must the magnets produce a stronger field, they will also require a larger temperature margin and have to cope with the intense radiation, which comes hand in hand with the planned increase in the rate of energetic collisions. These requirements go beyond the capabilities of niobium titanium, the material on which all previous accelerator superconducting magnets have been based.
Niobium tin is an advanced superconducting material that can operate at a higher magnetic field and with a wider temperature margin than niobium titanium. Unfortunately, niobium tin is brittle and sensitive to strain – critical factors where intense electrical currents and strong magnetic fields create enormous forces as the magnets are energized.
Large forces can damage the fragile conductor or cause sudden displacements of the superconducting coils, releasing energy as heat and possibly resulting in a loss of the magnets’ superconducting state, called a “quench.” When combined temperature, field, and current density cross a critical boundary into ordinary conductivity, the enormous flood of electrons that previously rushed unimpeded through the superconductor slams into a wall of electrical resistance.
Accelerator magnets are designed to withstand these disruptive and potentially damaging events. Nevertheless, the ability to reach the operating level with few or no quenches is an essential performance requirement.
At Fermilab’s Vertical Magnet Test Facility, the new HQ02a quadrupole achieved all its challenging objectives. (Photo by Guram Chlachidze, Fermilab)
At Fermilab’s Vertical Magnet Test Facility, the new HQ02a quadrupole achieved all its challenging objectives. (Photo by Guram Chlachidze, Fermilab)
In order to address these challenges, LARP adopted a mechanical support structure based on a thick aluminum shell, pre-tensioned at room temperature using water-pressurized bladders and interference keys. This design concept, developed at Berkeley Lab under the DOE General Accelerator Development program, was compared to the traditional collar-based clamping system originally used in Fermilab’s Tevatron and all subsequent high energy accelerators, and scaled-up to 4 m length in the LARP Long Racetrack and Long Quadrupoles. The HQ models further refined this mechanical design approach, in particular by incorporating full coil alignment.
LARP’s HQ02a is designed like all LHC magnets to operate in superfluid helium at temperatures close to absolute zero. However, it has a larger beam aperture than the present focusing magnets – 120 millimeters in diameter compared to 70 millimeters – and the magnetic field in the superconducting coils that surround the magnet reaches 12 tesla, 50 percent higher than the present 8 tesla. The corresponding field gradient, the rate of increase of field strength over the aperture, is 170 tesla per meter.
Another key objective of the HQ02a design is to minimize any deviations from the precise magnetic field patterns required to focus the beams at the interaction point, and to maintain this high field quality during ramping up to full magnetic field strength. To address these requirements, the LARP High-Field Quadrupole program incorporated a newly designed cable to minimize induced currents, plus precise alignment at all phases of coil fabrication, assembly and magnetic excitation.
“The desired performance characteristics were clearly demonstrated by the test recently completed at Fermilab,” says Berkeley Lab’s GianLuca Sabbi, who directed the HQ02 development. “The magnet quickly achieved its design field gradient with low sensitivity to ramp-rate effects. This result was made possible by the expertise and dedication of many scientists, engineers, and technicians at all the collaborating laboratories.”
As the last step in a decade-long progression of niobium-tin technology advancements by LARP, the sterling performance of HQ02a has reaffirmed the key design elements for focusing magnets that will meet the needs of CERN’s High Luminosity upgrade.
“This is a major step forward in reaching our ultimate goals,” said Bruce Strauss, LARP program manager at DOE’s Office of Science. “It should not be regarded as a single accomplishment but rather the realization of a significant number of individual goals in the design, construction, and testing of Nb3Sn beam-line magnets.”
#  #  #
Additional Media Contacts:
Kurt Riesselmann, Fermilab, media@fnal.gov, (630) 840-3351
Justin Eure, Brookhaven Lab, jeure@bnl.gov, (631) 344-2347
The development of HQ02a was a major collaborative undertaking involving the LARP laboratories and their industrial partners. The superconducting niobium-tin wire was manufactured by Oxford Superconducting Technology of New Jersey, cabled at Berkeley Lab, and insulated with a fiberglass sleeve by New England Electric Wire. The coils were wound at Berkeley Lab with parts designed and procured by Fermilab, then sent to Brookhaven Lab for high-temperature reaction and impregnation with epoxy resin. Magnet assembly was performed at Berkeley Lab and the test was performed at Fermilab. Additional tests at Fermilab and CERN are expected in the next months.
Among the key contributors are Dan Dietderich, Arup Ghosh and Arno Godeke for the development, fabrication and characterization of the new cable; Mike Anerella, Franck Borgnolutti, Rodger Bossert, Dan Cheng, Helene Felice, Abdi Salehi, Jesse Schmaltzle, and Miao Yu for the HQ02 magnet design, fabrication, and assembly; Maxim Martchevsky and Prabir Roy for the improved electrical instrumentation and high voltage testing; Guram Chlachidze for planning and execution of the test, together with Joe DiMarco, Darryl Orris, Tiina Salmi, and Xiaorong Wang; Giorgio Ambrosio for contributions to the coil analysis and revision process as the leader of the Long High-Field Quadrupole program; and Ezio Todesco for his support and advice as the magnet work package coordinator in the High Luminosity LHC project.
The DOE Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.
Fermilab is America’s premier national laboratory for particle physics research. A U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, Fermilab is located near Chicago, Illinois, and operated under contract by the Fermi Research Alliance, LLC. Visit Fermilab’s website at www.fnal.gov and follow us on Twitter at @FermilabToday.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory addresses the world’s most urgent scientific challenges by advancing sustainable energy, protecting human health, creating new materials, and revealing the origin and fate of the universe. Founded in 1931, Berkeley Lab’s scientific expertise has been recognized with 13 Nobel prizes. The University of California manages Berkeley Lab for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science. For more, visit www.lbl.gov.
One of ten national laboratories overseen and primarily funded by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Brookhaven National Laboratory conducts research in the physical, biomedical, and environmental sciences, as well as in energy technologies and national security. Brookhaven Lab also builds and operates major scientific facilities available to university, industry and government researchers. Brookhaven is operated and managed for DOE’s Office of Science by Brookhaven Science Associates, a limited-liability company founded by the Research Foundation for the State University of New York on behalf of Stony Brook University, the largest academic user of Laboratory facilities, and Battelle, a nonprofit applied science and technology organization.
Updated:
. . . . .

Additional Information

TAGS: , , , ,